→ Intellectual Property: It is not all yours, get used to it / by Javier Sánchez-Matamoros Pérez

Durante la jornada del Foro BIM Sevilla 2014, algunos compañeros (@M_Villegas y @ffloresjimenez, entre otros) estuvimos debatiendo sobre la problemática en la propiedad intelectual (y el miedo a la copia o modificación) que plantea la metodología BIM por el hecho de tener que trabajar sobre un mismo archivo que es transferido a todos los agentes de la edificación (propietario, constructor, colaboradores, etc.).

En la actualidad, muchas personas son reticentes a compartir archivos CAD de trabajo (DWG generalmente) por miedo a perder el control de su trabajo y a las modificaciones indebidas (con o sin malas intenciones).

Por tanto, ¿qué actitud tomar en un entorno BIM?

Sin saber muy bien como, llego a un artículo de Antony McPhee en su blog que da algunas ideas acerca de la autoría, el robo de ideas y esfuerzos, pérdida de control, derechos y recomendaciones sobre la propiedad intelectual (IP) en entornos BIM:

When discussing BIM with those yet to take it up the topic of Intellectual Property invariably comes up. It is so important to them it comes across as a major reason they are not using BIM (although I suspect it is more of an excuse).

For some reason BIM authors (architects, engineers, etc) think that because they create the initial BIM information they have the right to full control and to charge for the BIM model throughout the life of the building.

Then on the other hand we have contractors and owners who believe, because they are paying the authors, that they have absolute rights over all BIM created to do as they please with it.

[...] Always keep in mind that BIM processes require information to be not only shared, but shared in particular formats. That means you have to provide your computer files to others, there is no way around this.

But that doesn't mean you have to forgo all IP protection. The best approach is to assess whether the rights you want impede the flow of information within the project or not. If they don't, insist on them, if they do, work out a way to achieve your aim another way or accept it is not going to happen.

[...] You may have limited control over agreements with others but what you can do is manipulate the data you provide to others [...]:

  • Make recipients aware of limitations.
  • Use non-editable file format.
  • Remove temptation.
  • Identify your work.

[...] Get used to the fact that no-one is using BIM as a pretext for stealing your IP. Others don't want to own your BIM, they just want to be able to use it.

They want the right to use the model to check if a hole can be drilled without hitting any pipes or wires. Everyone understands use of BIM doesn't give them the right to construct an identical building somewhere else.

Source: http://practicalbim.blogspot.com/2014/11/i...